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<February 2020>
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Ventilator Associated Pneumonia(VAP)

What is Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia (VAP)?

VAP is defined as pneumonia (a serious lung infection) that can occur in patients (specifically ICU patients) who need assistance breathing with a mechanical ventilator for at least 48 hours.

What are the signs and symptoms?

  • Fever
  • Low body temperature
  • New purulent sputum (foul smelling infectious mucous or phlegm coughed up from the lungs or airway into the mouth
  • Hypoxia (decreasing amounts of oxygen in the blood)

What are the risk factors for VAP?

  • Being on a ventilator for more than five days
  • Recent hospitalization (last 90 days)
  • Residence in a nursing home
  • Prior antibiotic use (last 90 days)
  • Dialysis treatment in a clinic

What should healthcare providers do to prevent VAP?

  • Practice proper handwashing techniques
  • Keep the patient’s head of the bed elevated at a 30 to 45 degree angle
  • Discontinue mechanical ventilation as soon as possible

What can family members do to prevent VAP?

  • Ask lots of questions. Ask what precautions your hospital is taking to prevent VAP.
  • Wash their own hands often. Use soap and water or an alcohol-based hand rub containing at least 60 per cent alcohol.

How is VAP treated?

Since VAP is caused by bacteria in the lungs, it is treated by using antibiotics. 

VAP Rates

All hospitals with Intensive Care Units reporting into the Critical Care Information System must report their VAP rates. In our Alliance this is Stratford General Hospital

Time Period Rate No. Of Cases
Jan - Mar, 2017 0.00 0 Cases
Apr - Jun, 2017 6.99 1 Case
Jul - Sep, 2017 0.00 0 Cases
Oct - Dec, 2017 0.00 0 Cases
Jan - Mar, 2018 0.00 0 Cases
Apr - Jun, 2018 5.52 1 Case
July - Sep, 2018 10.75 1 Case
Oct - Dec, 2018 0.00 0 Cases
Jan - Mar, 2019 6.47 2 Cases
Apr - June, 2019 0.00 0 Cases
July - Sep, 2019 0.00 0 Cases
Oct - Dec, 2019 0.00 0 Cases